How do we make the Simple Present Tense?
(+) S + V1(es/s) + O
(-) S + do/does + not + O
(?) Do/Does + S + O?
(+) S + main verb (am/is/are) + O
(-) S + main verb (am/is/are) + not + O
(?) Main verb (Am/Is/Are) + S + O?
There are three important exceptions:
- For positive sentences, we do not normally use the auxiliary.
- For the 3rd person singular (he, she, it), we add s to the main verb or es to the auxiliary.
- For the verb to be, we do not use an auxiliary, even for questions and negative.
(+) I am a soldier
(-) I am not a soldier
(?) Am I a soldier?
How do we use the Simple Present Tense?
We use the simple present tense when:
- the action is general
- the action happens all the time, or habitually, in the past, present and future
- the action is not only happening now
- the statement is always true
|John drives a taxi.|
|It is John's job to drive a taxi. He does it every day. Past, present and future.|
- I live in New York.
- The Moon goes round the Earth.
- John drives a taxi.
- He does not drive a bus.
- We meet every Thursday.
- We do not work at night.
- Do you play football?
|Am I right?|
Tara is not at home.
You are happy.
|The situation is now.|
|I am not fat.|
Why are you so beautiful?
Ram is tall.
|The situation is general. Past, present and future|